table of Contents
- The influence of the civil rights movement
- Works Cited
More than five decades have passed since the monumental events of the Basin Civil Rights Movement (CRM) in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s. This period was marked by events that challenged racial prejudice against African-Americans before and after the beginning of the 20th century. Black Americans agitated against the inequality, repressive laws, and racial segregation that reigned in the United States.
Martin Luther King and other figures organized mass protests and made big speeches calling for equal access to basic rights and privileges for African Americans. These events culminated in constitutional and legislative changes that guarantee equal rights and access to privileges for all Americans, regardless of color or race. While equal rights for all were campaigned for during the civil rights movement, its impact on the American black community remains a matter of debate.
The influence of the civil rights movement
African Americans were at the center of the civil rights movements in the United States. Their fight for their rights culminated in legislation that gave them social, economic, and political equality in American society. The struggle for political rights was one of the most critical platforms for the mass movement in the 1950s and 1960s (D'Angelo 533).
In the 1870s, American constitutional amendments gave all Americans the right to vote, regardless of gender, color, or race. This change did not ensure that minority groups could vote, as many states, particularly in the South, used various techniques to prevent black Americans from exercising their political and constitutional rights.
Freedom of choice for all Americans became a central part of the civil rights movement, and one of its accomplishments was legislation, culminating in the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. It outlawed discrimination based on race , color and language. The law and its subsequent amendments also provide for other jurisdictions that protect the political and voting rights of minority groups in the United States (D'Angelo 537).
The most important impact of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which was a product of the modern civil rights movement, is the reduction of obstacles black Americans have encountered in exercising their constitutional right to vote. His first achievement was that black Americans had the opportunity to register as voters in the country. Second, black Americans freely participated in the elections. The number of registered black American voters has increased over the years.
In addition, the Voting Rights Act encouraged the political participation of black Americans. The number of black candidates competing for political seats in the country has increased significantly over the years. The number of African American representatives in cities and towns across the country has also grown.
The unprecedented election of President Barrack Obama as the first black American to the Oval Office in 2008 and his re-election in 2012 underscores the impact and importance of the civil rights movements on African Americans. It is important to note that black representation and political participation has increased significantly since 1965, when the Voting Rights Acts were enacted.
Education was also a major issue at the heart of the civil rights movements in the United States (D'Angelo 225). African Americans used the civil rights movement to fight for the right to decent and equal access to education. Before and after the founding of the civil rights movement, there was widespread educational segregation on racial grounds (D'Angelo 225). There were only black and white learning institutions.
African Americans were denied access to certain schools. White schools had better facilities and could only accept students of European descent. At the same time, black tutors could not enter white institutions. Black students were also not allowed to share buses with white students.
The landmark Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education" outlawed segregation in education (D'Angelo 230). This ruling set the precedent for removing barriers that prevented African Americans from receiving the same educational rights as whites.
The court ruling allowed black Americans access to public schools. In addition, it helped African-Americans gain access to educational institutions with good facilities and access to higher universities that were previously barred to them.
However, it is important to recognize that this has had a limited impact on the educational segregation of African Americans (Rothstein 2). Segregation towards African Americans still exists in various forms today because it is still deeply embedded in the educational fabric of the country. Most of the schools that African-American students attend today are still economically and socially isolated.
This denies children of African-American families access to quality education compared to economically stronger whites. In addition, socioeconomic hardships such as inadequate housing, unemployment, and discriminatory criminal justice systems limit educational opportunities for children and youth (Rothstein 2).
Finally, the racial imbalances that existed between the different districts due to factors of the educational system contributed to the persistent racial segregation in the sector (Rothstein para. 3).
One of the most successful features of the civil rights movement was the demand for economic justice (Wright, paragraph 3). It is important to note that the movement was based on demands for the right of black Americans to economic equality.
Africans have been systematically denied decent jobs (Wright, paragraph 4). They were also denied access to highly paid, skilled jobs. Boycotted by business organizations that for several years refused to employ blacks in the South, a federal law was enacted in 1964 prohibiting discrimination in the workplace.
After the federal law went into effect, in 1970 more black workers were employed in the South. The number of employed blacks increased tremendously after the 1970s. However, it is important to note that the black population has also increased significantly since then. According to Austin (3), the proportion of unemployed blacks in the United States is twice that of whites (Austin 3).
Mishel (13) notes that the unemployment rate among black Americans graduating from high school was 8 percent, compared to 4.5 percent for whites (Mishel 13). Also, blacks still receive low wages compared to whites. This is confirmed by the extension of the minimum wage to predominantly black occupations (Rothstein 2). Employment opportunities for blacks have been restricted over the years.
The civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s had a profound impact on the history of American society. It culminated in landmark legislation guaranteeing equal rights and privileges for race and color. Its impact on black Americans is still debated today. Although blacks today enjoy various rights and freedoms, the impact of the movement was limited.
Political representation can only be seen in those areas where the movement has had significant influence within the country now ruled by the first African-American president. Currently, most people of color enjoy voting rights and representation in state governments. However, economically they have earned less as the unemployment rate within the black community is significantly high.
Austin, Algernon. „The Unfinished March: An Overview“.Economic Policy Institute Report 2013, 2013. Web.
D'Angelo, Raymond N.The American civil rights movement: readings and interpretations.Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2001. Drucken.
Mishel, Lawrence, Josh Bivens, Elise Gould y Heidi Shierholz.The state of work in America. 12heedition. Ithaca, New York: A Book of the Economic Policy Institute, 2012. Print.
Rothstein, Ricardo. „For public schools, segregation then, segregation from“.Economic Policy Institute, 2013. Web.
Wright, Gavin. "The Staggering Economic Impact of the Civil Rights Movement".bloomberg,2013. Internet.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 hastened the end of legal Jim Crow. It secured African Americans equal access to restaurants, transportation, and other public facilities. It enabled blacks, women, and other minorities to break down barriers in the workplace.What are 3 effects of the civil rights movement? ›
The movement helped spawn a national crisis that forced intervention by the federal government to overturn segregation laws in southern states, restore voting rights for African-Americans, and end legal discrimination in housing, education and employment.What is a good thesis statement for the civil rights movement? ›
Thesis Statement Despite the resistance faced to pass the Civil Rights Acts throughout history, the Civil Rights Movement and social activist helped to pave the way to gain equality and rights for the African Americans ultimately improving the social conditions of African Americans and fostering equality and growth ...Who did the civil rights movement impact? ›
The civil rights movement deeply affected American society. Among its most important achievements were two major civil rights laws passed by Congress. These laws ensured constitutional rights for African Americans and other minorities.What was the social impact of the civil rights movement? ›
One of the greatest achievements of the civil rights movement, the Civil Rights Act led to greater social and economic mobility for African-Americans across the nation and banned racial discrimination, providing greater access to resources for women, religious minorities, African-Americans and low-income families.What are civil rights examples? ›
Examples of civil rights include the right to vote, the right to a fair trial, the right to government services, the right to a public education, and the right to use public facilities.What are the most important civil rights? ›
Finally, on July 2, 1964, that goal was realized, as President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The law was intended to end discrimination based on race, color, religion, or national origin and has often been called the most important U.S. law on civil rights since Reconstruction (1865–77).What were the most important civil rights movements? ›
Arguably one of the most famous events of the civil rights movement took place on August 28, 1963: the March on Washington. It was organized and attended by civil rights leaders such as A. Philip Randolph, Bayard Rustin and Martin Luther King Jr.What was the impact of the civil rights movement quizlet? ›
Effects- It convinced America that there were thousands of people who wanted fair treatment towards blacks and integration. This led to the Civil Rights Bill being passed and the Equal Rights Commission being set up. Causes- The discrimination towards blacks.What is the importance of civil rights? ›
Your civil rights are there to protect you from unfair treatment and discrimination in all facets of life, whether that be housing, employment, education, etc. Since these rights are at the core of our democracy, the laws that uphold those rights allow for certain actions to be taken when they are violated.
The Civil Rights Movement was an era dedicated to activism for equal rights and treatment of African Americans in the United States. During this period, people rallied for social, legal, political and cultural changes to prohibit discrimination and end segregation.Why was the civil rights movement inspiring? ›
The Civil Rights Movement that began in the late 1950's won for African-Americans basic rights long denied to them, inspired other discriminated groups to fight for their own rights, and had a deep effect on American society.What is the conclusion of civil rights movement? ›
In many respects, the civil rights movement was a great success. Successive, targeted campaigns of non-violent direct action chipped away at the racist power structures that proliferated across the southern United States. Newsworthy protests captured media attention and elicited sympathy across the nation.Who are three important people of the civil rights movement? ›
- Julian Bond.
- Medgar Evers.
- Charles Hamilton Houston.
- James Weldon Johnson.
- Martin Luther King, Jr.
- Oscar Micheaux.
- Harry T. and Hariette Moore.
- Mary White Ovington.
The first three of these postwar amendments accomplished the most radical and rapid social and political change in American history: the abolition of slavery (13th) and the granting of equal citizenship (14th) and voting rights (15th) to former slaves, all within a period of five years.What are civil rights in one sentence? ›
Civil rights include freedom, equality in law and in employment, and the right to vote.What are civil rights short notes? ›
Civil rights are a set of laws established by law that protect the freedoms of individuals from being wrongly denied or limited by governments, social organisations, or other private individuals. Examples of civil rights include the rights of people to work, study, eat, and live where they want.How successful was the civil rights movement? ›
Was the Civil Rights Movement Successful? Overall, the Civil Rights Movement was successful in achieving its goals of breaking of the pattern of many public facilities being segregated. One of the major events that helped to achieve this was the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the desegregation of interstate travel.How are civil rights protected? ›
The Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice is responsible for enforcing Federal statutes that prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, and religion.Are civil rights for everyone? ›
Everyone has basic rights under the U.S. Constitution and civil rights laws. Learn more here about what your rights are, how to exercise them, and what to do when your rights are violated.
The civil rights movement is one of the defining events in American history, during which Americans fought to make real the ideals of justice and equality embedded in our founding documents. When students learn about the movement, they learn what it means to be active American citizens.What events led to the civil rights movement? ›
The American civil rights movement started in the mid-1950s. A major catalyst in the push for civil rights was in December 1955, when NAACP activist Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a public bus to a white man.What is the civil rights movement introduction? ›
Introduction: The civil rights movement can be defined as a mass popular movement to secure for African Americans equal access to and opportunities for the basic privileges and rights of U.S. citizenship.How did the civil rights movement change culture? ›
The Civil Rights Movement has had a heavy and direct influence on American culture since the 1960s. As more African Americans gained political and economic parity with whites, they also gained more visibility as African American culture began to permeate the whole of American culture.What is one of the major achievements of the civil rights movement? ›
The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement.What was the most successful civil rights protest? ›
March On Washington For Jobs and Freedom
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was a mass civil rights protest that took place on August 28, 1963 in Washington DC. Over 200,000 demonstrators joined together at the National Mall, and the protest was considered a huge success.
Your civil rights are there to protect you from unfair treatment and discrimination in all facets of life, whether that be housing, employment, education, etc. Since these rights are at the core of our democracy, the laws that uphold those rights allow for certain actions to be taken when they are violated.Who was the most important civil rights activist? ›
Martin Luther King, Jr.When did the civil rights movement end? ›